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The military conscription of Crimean residents to the Russian army grossly violates international humanitarian law

Світлина gazeta.ru

Starting from 1 April, a spring campaign began on the military conscription of the residents of Crimea in the ranks of the armed forces of the Russian Federation.

In total, the Russian authorities plan to call 2,400 Crimean residents to the RF Armed Forces aged 18 to 27 years in the spring of 2017. Unlike the previous military conscriptions, Crimean citizens will now be distributed not only to the RF Armed Forces, based in Crimea, but also directed to parts on the territory of the Russian Federation.

The practice of military conscription of the citizens of the occupied territories to the ranks of the army of the occupying power, as well as the continuing propagation of service in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation violate Article 51 of the Convention on the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War (Fourth Geneva Convention), and the movement of the citizens of Ukraine from the occupied territory to the territory of the Russian Federation violates Article 49 of this Convention.

On 30 March, 2015, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law on the legal regulation of conscription for military service in the Crimean Republic and Sevastopol. The Federal Law of the Russian Federation “On the peculiarities of the legal regulation of relations related to the performance of military duties by certain categories of citizens of the Russian Federation in connection with the admission of the new subjects of the Republic of Crimea and the city of federal significance to Sevastopol into the Russian Federation of the Republic of Crimea and the formation of new subjects in the Russian Federation. The federal law “On military service and military service” was adopted by the State Duma on 20 March and approved by the Federation Council on 25 March.

According to Igor Mikhailichenko, deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of Crimea, four conscripts were held since the time of the occupation till January 2017, as a result of which more than 4 thousand Crimean citizens were drafted into the troops of the Southern Military District and Federal National Guard Troops Service.

Earlier, the “Military Commissioner” of Crimea Anatoly Maloletko said that a criminal case was opened against one of the Crimean residents for evading conscription into the Russian army.

Recall, the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry expressed a strong protest in connection with the call of the Crimean residents in the Russian army. Ukraine demanded that the Russian Federation abolish the call for military service of citizens residing in the temporarily occupied territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, and ensure that the Russian side strictly observes its international obligations.



Crimean citizens are recruited into the Russian army in violation of the Geneva Convention on the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of WarOn 30 July, 2017 another action was held in Sevastopol calling to serve under the contract in the Russian army. The citizens of Sevastopol again were recruited for military service. At the so-called “point of selection for military service on a contract basis” they distributed booklets with agitation to serve in separate coastal defence brigade 126 and in landing ships brigade 197 of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation. Agitation was held in Sevastopol during the celebration of the day of the Navy on Nakhimov Square. According to the Crimea.Realii website, an exhibition of land military equipment was held on the same square; The exhibition included: a mobile coastal anti-ship missile system “Bastion” with a unified homing missile “Yakhont”, a mobile command and staff radio station, a floating wheeled armoured personnel carrier, an anti-aircraft missile system S-300 “Favorit” for the destruction of modern and prospective aircraft, a 122 mm missile-antiaircraft complex Grad, a multiple launch rocket system “Uragan”, an anti-aircraft missile system “Pantsir”, an air defence missile system “Osa”, a charging car, a self-propelled artillery “Gvozdika”. According to Russian media, the occupation authorities held a naval parade in the city, where military a demonstration fire was organized. The event began with the entrance of the three-masted sailing frigate “Khersones” to the Sevastopol Bay, at which students of the Ukrainian University (Kerch State Maritime Technological University) earlier had a maritime practice. According to local and Russian media, the training ship “Perekop”, missile cruiser “Moscow” and the diesel-electric submarine “Stary Oskol”, as well as the naval aviation Ka-27 helicopters and Su-30SM fighters, also took part in the military parade. Such actions of the Russian Federation in the territory of Ukraine, which was occupied by it, grossly violate international humanitarian law and are prohibited by international conventions. The Crimean Human Rights Group (CHRG) earlier recorded the holding of similar agitation events for military service in the Russian army in the occupied peninsula. We remind you that Article 51 of the Geneva Convention on the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War explicitly prohibits the invocation of an occupying power in the occupied territory. The head of the CHRG, Olga Skrypnik, noted that among other things the Convention prohibits propaganda of the military conscription in the occupied territories, including all the advertising posters, various “patriotic” events in schools and universities where people are called to go to the Russian army. Both contractual and regular service are under the ban. Photos of the mobile point of military drafting and promotional booklets were made on 30 July in Sevastopol.

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