En Ru Ua

28.09.2016

Shestakovich was punished for the post, which was not considered extremist by Russia at the moment of publication

As the Russian list of extremist materials is huge and it is growing, the experts of CHRG advise residents of Crimea to restrict access to their social networks.

Фото А. Шестакович, авторские права Я. Гончаровой

As the Russian list of extremist materials is huge and it is growing, the experts of CHRG advise residents of Crimea to restrict access to their social networks.

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The experts of Crimean Human Rights Group during the analysis of the court’s decision pay attention to several important points.

First of all, Article 64 of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War prohibits the use of the norms of the occupying state to the occupied territory. However, the Russian authorities do not consider Crimea as occupied territory and continue to haunt residents of Crimea by using the Russian laws.

Even from the point of view of the Russian authorities attention should be payed to the fact that the post was posted back in 2010. Russian authorities do not deny that in 2010 the norms of the Russian legislation did not apply to Crimea. Moreover, the video “The last interview of Primorsky Partisans” was included in the list of extremist materials in March 2012. So, the video was included in the list of extremist materials two years after placing the post by Shestakovich. Accordingly, engaging the person to justice, the court extended the article 20.29 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation back in time. With this decision the judge had violated Article 54 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, which does not allow bringing a person to responsibility for actions, which at the time they were committed were not considered as an offense.

Similar norms are contained in Section 2, Article 11 of “Universal Declaration of Human Rights” and in Section 1, Article 7 of “European Convention on Human Rights”, which was ratified by the Russian Federation.

Based on the logic of Russian judges, people need to constantly check the list of materials deemed extremist in Russia, and reconcile it with all the posts ever placed by them on the Internet.

Crimea is a “gray area” in terms of law. Now it is extremely difficult to achieve justice in Crimea. By 27 September 2016 the Federal List of Extremist Materials contains 3869 positions and is constantly growing. It is practically impossible to track which post contains material that was recognized as extremist in Russia.

In this connection, the Crimean Human Rights Group reminds the residents of Crimea, as well as people that plan to visit Crimea and the Russian Federation, of the information security measures. For security, you can restrict access to the pages on social networks. This will avoid accusations of “mass distribution” of materials recognized as extremist in Russia.

News

31.07.2017

Crimean citizens are recruited into the Russian army in violation of the Geneva Convention on the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of WarOn 30 July, 2017 another action was held in Sevastopol calling to serve under the contract in the Russian army. The citizens of Sevastopol again were recruited for military service. At the so-called “point of selection for military service on a contract basis” they distributed booklets with agitation to serve in separate coastal defence brigade 126 and in landing ships brigade 197 of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation. Agitation was held in Sevastopol during the celebration of the day of the Navy on Nakhimov Square. According to the Crimea.Realii website, an exhibition of land military equipment was held on the same square; The exhibition included: a mobile coastal anti-ship missile system “Bastion” with a unified homing missile “Yakhont”, a mobile command and staff radio station, a floating wheeled armoured personnel carrier, an anti-aircraft missile system S-300 “Favorit” for the destruction of modern and prospective aircraft, a 122 mm missile-antiaircraft complex Grad, a multiple launch rocket system “Uragan”, an anti-aircraft missile system “Pantsir”, an air defence missile system “Osa”, a charging car, a self-propelled artillery “Gvozdika”. According to Russian media, the occupation authorities held a naval parade in the city, where military a demonstration fire was organized. The event began with the entrance of the three-masted sailing frigate “Khersones” to the Sevastopol Bay, at which students of the Ukrainian University (Kerch State Maritime Technological University) earlier had a maritime practice. According to local and Russian media, the training ship “Perekop”, missile cruiser “Moscow” and the diesel-electric submarine “Stary Oskol”, as well as the naval aviation Ka-27 helicopters and Su-30SM fighters, also took part in the military parade. Such actions of the Russian Federation in the territory of Ukraine, which was occupied by it, grossly violate international humanitarian law and are prohibited by international conventions. The Crimean Human Rights Group (CHRG) earlier recorded the holding of similar agitation events for military service in the Russian army in the occupied peninsula. We remind you that Article 51 of the Geneva Convention on the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War explicitly prohibits the invocation of an occupying power in the occupied territory. The head of the CHRG, Olga Skrypnik, noted that among other things the Convention prohibits propaganda of the military conscription in the occupied territories, including all the advertising posters, various “patriotic” events in schools and universities where people are called to go to the Russian army. Both contractual and regular service are under the ban. Photos of the mobile point of military drafting and promotional booklets were made on 30 July in Sevastopol.

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