En Ru Ua

03.08.2017

At least 22 Ukrainian internet mass media are in accessible in Crimea – in full or in part – Monitoring

The Crimean Human Rights Group has checked the accessibility of 27 websites on the territory of Crimea, with 22 among them being Ukrainian information resources including websites of major Ukrainian TV channels.
The monitoring was carried in July of 2017. The accessibility of websites was checked by networks of five different provides in five Crimean cities and towns: BelNet (town of Belogorsk), Sevstar (City of Sevastopol), Triolan (City of Simferopol), Bospor (town of Kerch), Yaltanet (town of Yalta).
The CHRG checked 27 websites which accessibility was limited in full or in part at least in one of the abovementioned cities and towns.

1.Liveam.tv http://liveam.tv/
2. Censor.net – http://censor.net.ua/ (blocked out by Roskomnadzor (Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology, and Mass Media)
3. Krym.Realii – https://krymr.com
4. blackseanews.net – http://www.blackseanews.net/
5. 15 minut – https://15minut.org/ (blocked out by Roskomnadzor)
6. QHA http – //qha.com.ua/
7. Evropeyskaya Pravda – http://www.eurointegration.com.ua/
8.Krym.SOS – http://krymsos.com/
9.Hromadske Radio – https://hromadskeradio.org/
10. Gordon – http://gordonua.com/
11. RBC.ua – https://www.rbc.ua/ (blocked out by Roskomnadzor)
12. Sobytiya Kryma – http://www.sobytiya.info/
13.glavnoe.ua – https://glavnoe.ua/
14.uainfo.org – http://uainfo.org/
15.STB – http://www.stb.ua/
16.Espreso – http://espreso.tv/
17.Ukrinform – https://www.ukrinform.ua/
18.5 Channel- http://www.5.ua/
19.Focus.ua – https://focus.ua/
20.Informatsiyniy Sprotyv – http://sprotyv.info/
21.Sevastopolskyi Meridian – http://meridian.in.ua/
22.Sled.net.ua – http://sled.net.ua/ (blocked out by Roskomnadzor)
23.Toneto – https://toneto.net/
24.linkedin.com – https://www.linkedin.com/ (blocked out by Roskomnadzor)
25. Novy Channel – http://novy.tv/
26.ICTV – http://ictv.ua/
27.Black Sea TV – http://blacksea.tv/

The monitoring demonstrated that 11 websites of the list were blocked out by all five providers. These are: Censor.net; 15 minut; Evropeyskaya Pravda; KRYM SOS, Hromadske Radio, Ukrinform, 5 Channel, Focus, Informatsiyniy Sprotyv, Sled.net; Linkedin, RBC.

It is worth noting that the Roskomnadzor provides the information of only five websites of the CHRG monitoring list blocked on the RF territory due to the court judgements.

The Yaltanet network operator denies access to 26 websites of the list. The Yalta users subscribed to this provider have an access only to Sobytiya Kryma website out of 27 checked by the CHRG. Krym.Realii website is blocked in part (some internet materials are not accessible).

The TRIOLAN, a Simferopol provider, and the BelNet, a Belogorsk provider, block 24 websites of the list. In contrast with Yalta users, these providers keep accessible the websites: Liveam.tv, Toneto, glavnoe.ua and Krym.Realii, though they both block Sobytiya Kryma website.

The BOSPOR, a Kerch provider, and SEVSTAR, a Sevastopol provider, provide access to the higher number of websites. The users subscribed to Internet via these operators are unable to access only 11 websites of the list.

In particular, the BOSPOR and the SEVSTAR keep accessible such websites as Liveam.tv, Krym.Realii, blackseanews.net, QHA, Gordon, styler.rbc.ua, glavnoe.ua, uainfo.org, STB, Espreso TV, Informatsiyniy Sprotyv, Sevastopolskyi Meridian, Toneto, Novy Channel, ICTV, Black Sea TV, Sobytiya Kryma.

Some websites are blocked referring to the Roskomnadzor requirement. But in most cases the website connection just fails or Error 403 message appears on the monitor.

The number of websites blocked by Crimean providers. Left to right: Sevstar (Sevastopol), Bospor (Kerch), Belnet (Belogorsk), Triolan (Simferopol), Yaltanet (Yalta; one is blocked partly).

Due to the monitoring findings, one may see that a lot of websites, much more than it was known before are blocked in Crimea. These are mainly websites of Ukrainian TV channels and other resources where Ukrainian news may be published.

Ms Olga Skrypnyk, head of the Crimean Human Rights Group, stated that the monitoring findings had demonstrated and detected the violations of the freedom of speech and expression that were established by all fundamental documents on the human rights.

‘Russia has confirmed once more that it has no intention to respect human rights on the territory of Crimea. Access to information is one of key moments the people need to express freely the opinion,’ the human rights expert pointed out.

Ms Skrypnyk emphasized a selective approach to website blocking: some internet resources were blocked due to the Roskomnadzor’s decision, that may be appealed against by the mass media. But other internet resources are blocked by the Crimean providers due to absolutely unknown reasons. These could be some local decisions that could be highly likely unofficial. Sometimes the access is denied to the entire information resource, sometimes only to special articles. For instance, with Krym.Realii it is a common situation when the access is denied only to some articles while the resource itself is accessible.

‘What does this practically result into? First of all, this is a violation of freedom of speech and expression. Secondly, the people living in Crimea are deprived of opportunity to receive alternative information. They may receive only the information monitored by the Russian authorities themselves via governmental bodies de facto in Crimea. And Ukraine is not the only subject the Crimeans have no information about though this is very important for them as citizens of Ukraine since they have not rejected the Ukrainian citizenship. In addition, the Ukrainian resources that monitor the situation in Crimea very often inform about violations of human rights or any other current issues that are the case for the Crimeans, for instance, the issues at the administrative border. Since the Russian authorities block these information resources, the Crimeans lack the opportunity to be aware of issues that make the case for them more than for the mainland Ukraine. This is a severe threat and one more violation of human rights, a most serious one,’ Ms Olga Skrypnyk concluded.

News

31.07.2017

Crimean citizens are recruited into the Russian army in violation of the Geneva Convention on the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of WarOn 30 July, 2017 another action was held in Sevastopol calling to serve under the contract in the Russian army. The citizens of Sevastopol again were recruited for military service. At the so-called “point of selection for military service on a contract basis” they distributed booklets with agitation to serve in separate coastal defence brigade 126 and in landing ships brigade 197 of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation. Agitation was held in Sevastopol during the celebration of the day of the Navy on Nakhimov Square. According to the Crimea.Realii website, an exhibition of land military equipment was held on the same square; The exhibition included: a mobile coastal anti-ship missile system “Bastion” with a unified homing missile “Yakhont”, a mobile command and staff radio station, a floating wheeled armoured personnel carrier, an anti-aircraft missile system S-300 “Favorit” for the destruction of modern and prospective aircraft, a 122 mm missile-antiaircraft complex Grad, a multiple launch rocket system “Uragan”, an anti-aircraft missile system “Pantsir”, an air defence missile system “Osa”, a charging car, a self-propelled artillery “Gvozdika”. According to Russian media, the occupation authorities held a naval parade in the city, where military a demonstration fire was organized. The event began with the entrance of the three-masted sailing frigate “Khersones” to the Sevastopol Bay, at which students of the Ukrainian University (Kerch State Maritime Technological University) earlier had a maritime practice. According to local and Russian media, the training ship “Perekop”, missile cruiser “Moscow” and the diesel-electric submarine “Stary Oskol”, as well as the naval aviation Ka-27 helicopters and Su-30SM fighters, also took part in the military parade. Such actions of the Russian Federation in the territory of Ukraine, which was occupied by it, grossly violate international humanitarian law and are prohibited by international conventions. The Crimean Human Rights Group (CHRG) earlier recorded the holding of similar agitation events for military service in the Russian army in the occupied peninsula. We remind you that Article 51 of the Geneva Convention on the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War explicitly prohibits the invocation of an occupying power in the occupied territory. The head of the CHRG, Olga Skrypnik, noted that among other things the Convention prohibits propaganda of the military conscription in the occupied territories, including all the advertising posters, various “patriotic” events in schools and universities where people are called to go to the Russian army. Both contractual and regular service are under the ban. Photos of the mobile point of military drafting and promotional booklets were made on 30 July in Sevastopol.

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