En Ru Ua


Appeal on imposing of sanctions against individuals involved in persecution of Mr Vladimir Balukh

To Governments of Ukraine,
EU Member States, Switzerland, Norway,
Montenegro, Iceland, Albania, Liechtenstein,
the USA, Canada, Australia, and Japan

To Prosecutor’s Office of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea




On August 4th 2017, violating the fundamental human rights and international humanitarian law provisions, the Crimean Occupation Court passed a sentence on Mr Vladimir Balukh, Ukrainian. Ms Maria Bedritskaya, ‘a judge of Razdolnensky District Court’, handed him to a three-year and seven-month sentence in the penal colony settlement as well as imposed a fine of RUR10,000.00.


The persecution of Mr Balukh is politically reasoned, he being himself a prisoner of conscience, for he is in custody only because of his opinions peacefully expressed.


When Crimea had been occupied by the Russian Federation, Mr Vladimir Balukh, a farmer from the village of Serebrianka, Razdolnensky District, expressed many times in public his disagreement with incorporating Crimea into the RF.  Protesting, he displayed the national flag of Ukraine on his house roof in March of 2014.


The authorities de facto threatened the activist many times, including a threat of criminal prosecution. Since April 2015, Mr Balukh’s house has been illegally searched several times, with removing the state flag of Ukraine from the roof and its taking away. During one of the searches, the activist was beaten up by the ‘policemen’ and sentenced to an administrative 10 days’ arrest for ‘defiance to a policeman’s demand’ (Administrative Offense Code of Russian Federation, Article 19.3). For the same ‘violation’ Mr Balukh was prosecuted again, and sentenced in November of 2016 to 320 hours of the forced work.


Despite all this, Mr Vladimir Balukh hanged the Ukrainian flag on his house roof again. On November 29th 2016 he placed a sign ’Heaven Hundred Heroes Street – 18’ on his house wall (in memory of the civil participants of the protests at Kyiv’s Maydan died in February of 2014).  Then, in December of 2016 the FSB officers made one more unjustified search in the houses of activist and his mother, took away the flag of Ukraine and, reportedly, ‘found’ cartridges and dynamite. Since December 2016 Mr Balukh has been illegally in custody, in the Simferopol Detention Facility, where his chronical illnesses have aggravated so he needs a medical treatment.


The Mr Vladimir Balukh’s defence presented the evidence of activist’s innocence, evidence tampering, serious violations during the search and other investigation actions to the ‘court’. However, the ‘judge’ did not accept the defense arguments, called them ‘vicious’ and supported the prosecution.


These and other facts testify manufacturing of the criminal prosecution of Mr Vladimir Balukh due to political reasons. He has been illegally deprived from freedom only due to his opinions and public disagreement with the Russia’s actions in Crimea. This is the reason why the Crimean authorities de facto committed many times violations of rights and freedoms established by the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms – right to liberty and security of person, right to a fair trial, freedom of expression, right to respect of private and family life – regarding Mr Balukh.

According to the data collected and recorded by the Crimean Human Rights Group, at least twenty persons are linked to illegal persecution of Mr Vladimir Balukh and his deprivation of liberty including

Crimea FSB officers

      1. Victor Palagin, head of ‘RF FSB Department for Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol City’, citizen of Russia;
      2. Colonel Sergey Voronin, head of ‘RF UFSB for Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol City’, citizen of Russia (from July 1, 2017 appointed head of RF FSB of the Kabardino-Balkarian republic);
      3. Bruyev, investigation officer of ‘RF UFSB for Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol City’;
      4. Aleksey Luk’yanov, head of ‘RF UFSB for Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol City’ unit, (town of Krasnoperekopsk);
      5. Aleksey Leonov, ‘lead investigator, Krasnoperekopsk department of RF UFSB for RC and Sevastopol City’, citizen of Ukraine;
      6. Denis Zabara, ‘field agent of RC UFSB’, citizen of Ukraine.

‘Judges’ of courts created in Crimea

      1. Victor Skliarov, deputy chairman of ‘RC Supreme Court’, citizen of Ukraine;
      2. Mariya Bedritskaya, ‘judge of Razdolnensky District Court of RC’, citizen of Ukraine;
      3. Alexander Abeliashev, ‘judge of Razdolnensky District Court of RC’, citizen of Ukraine;
      4. Galyna Redko, ‘judge of RC Supreme Court’, citizen of Ukraine;
      5. Anatoliy Osochenko, ‘judge of RC Supreme Court’, citizen of Ukraine.

Crimea ‘Prosecutor’s Office’ staff

      1. Dmitriy Shmelev, ‘prosecutor of Razdolnensky District RC’;
      2. Dmitriy Korolev, ‘assistant prosecutor of Razdolnensky District RC’;
      3. Olesya Cheplanova, ‘employee of the RC prosecutor’s office’, citizen of Ukraine.

Officers of police and investigation committee of Russia in Crimea

    1. Mishlyaev Artem, head of ‘RF Investigative Committee for Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol City the Razdolnensky Inter-District Investigation Department’, citizen of Russia;
    2. Evgeniy Bobrov, ‘policemen’;
    3. Alexander Lopatin, citizen of Ukraine, ‘policemen’;
    4. Konovalov, ‘policemen’;
    5. V.Didik, ‘deputy officer on duty of Russia OMVD police unit for Razdolnensky District’
    6. Olga Ukhina, ‘interrogator of Russia OMVD OD for Razdolnensky District’, citizen of Russia;
    7. V.Sorgovskiy, ‘investigator of Russia OMVD OUR for Razdolnensky District’;
    8. Nikolay Shuba, ‘head of Russia OMVD for Razdolnensky District’, citizen of Ukraine;
    9. Sergey Burnashov, ‘lead inquiry officer of Razdolnensky MSO, Russia SK GSU for RC’

Considering the above-mentioned, we are appealing to the governments of the EU Member-States, Switzerland, Norway, Montenegro, Iceland, Albania, Liechtenstein, the USA, Canada, Australia, and Japan and are asking to introduce personal sanctions for the persons linked to the persecution of Mr Vladimir Balukh, a Crimean prisoner of conscience, as well as for strengthening sectoral sanctions against the Russian Federation for gross and repeated violations of human rights in Crimea.


In addition, we are appealing to the Ukrainian authorities and demanding:

  • To investigate efficiently facts of persecuting Mr Vladimir Balukh, a citizen of Ukraine, as well as to hold then liable the persons guilty of violating human rights and international humanitarian law;
  • To include citizens of RF linked to the persecution of Mr Vladimir Balukh into the sanction lists of human rights abusers on the territory of Crimea;
  • To support the family of Mr Balukh, prisoner of conscience as well as families of all political prisoners illegally deprived from freedom by the Russian Federation since 2014;
  • To develop open, human rights and international humanitarian law provisions based, legal and political procedures for liberating the Ukrainian political prisoners and transferring them to the territory controlled by Ukraine.


Olga Skrypnyk, Crimean Human Rights Group

Arkadiy Bushchenko, Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union

Tetyana Pechonchyk, Human Rights Information Center



Crimean citizens are recruited into the Russian army in violation of the Geneva Convention on the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of WarOn 30 July, 2017 another action was held in Sevastopol calling to serve under the contract in the Russian army. The citizens of Sevastopol again were recruited for military service. At the so-called “point of selection for military service on a contract basis” they distributed booklets with agitation to serve in separate coastal defence brigade 126 and in landing ships brigade 197 of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation. Agitation was held in Sevastopol during the celebration of the day of the Navy on Nakhimov Square. According to the Crimea.Realii website, an exhibition of land military equipment was held on the same square; The exhibition included: a mobile coastal anti-ship missile system “Bastion” with a unified homing missile “Yakhont”, a mobile command and staff radio station, a floating wheeled armoured personnel carrier, an anti-aircraft missile system S-300 “Favorit” for the destruction of modern and prospective aircraft, a 122 mm missile-antiaircraft complex Grad, a multiple launch rocket system “Uragan”, an anti-aircraft missile system “Pantsir”, an air defence missile system “Osa”, a charging car, a self-propelled artillery “Gvozdika”. According to Russian media, the occupation authorities held a naval parade in the city, where military a demonstration fire was organized. The event began with the entrance of the three-masted sailing frigate “Khersones” to the Sevastopol Bay, at which students of the Ukrainian University (Kerch State Maritime Technological University) earlier had a maritime practice. According to local and Russian media, the training ship “Perekop”, missile cruiser “Moscow” and the diesel-electric submarine “Stary Oskol”, as well as the naval aviation Ka-27 helicopters and Su-30SM fighters, also took part in the military parade. Such actions of the Russian Federation in the territory of Ukraine, which was occupied by it, grossly violate international humanitarian law and are prohibited by international conventions. The Crimean Human Rights Group (CHRG) earlier recorded the holding of similar agitation events for military service in the Russian army in the occupied peninsula. We remind you that Article 51 of the Geneva Convention on the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War explicitly prohibits the invocation of an occupying power in the occupied territory. The head of the CHRG, Olga Skrypnik, noted that among other things the Convention prohibits propaganda of the military conscription in the occupied territories, including all the advertising posters, various “patriotic” events in schools and universities where people are called to go to the Russian army. Both contractual and regular service are under the ban. Photos of the mobile point of military drafting and promotional booklets were made on 30 July in Sevastopol.

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